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Factors contributing to intra-uterine fetal death.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22714068     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: We aimed in this research to explore factors contributing to the occurrence of intra-uterine fetal death (IUFD). METHODS: The study was conducted between 1st January 2008 and 31st December 2009 in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Patients who were diagnosed to have IUFD at ≥24 weeks of gestation and those whose dead fetuses were found to weigh ≥500 g after delivery were eligible to be included. 138 patients with IUFD and 237 controls with alive fetuses were enrolled. Data were collected from printed and computerized medical records of participants. Factors that may have contributed to the occurrence of IUFD were explored. Comparisons between various risk factors and outcomes of the two groups were done. p value was statistically significant if ≤0.05. RESULTS: Patients who did not receive antenatal care (ANC) services are at 70 % increased risk for developing IUFD (OR 0.31, p < 0.0001). Risk of IUFD increases 25-fold with the occurrence of abruption placenta (OR 25.81, p ≤ 0.0001), tenfolds with the occurrence of intra-uterine growth restrictions (OR 10.78, p = 0.04) and threefolds with the presence of hypertensive disorder in pregnancy (OR 3.17, p = 0.04). Finally, patients carrying IUFD fetuses are at higher risk to develop labor complications compared with their controls (p ≤ 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Despite the difficulty in predicting IUFD occurrence, it appears that carefully implemented ANC and timely management of at risk patients may contribute to its prevention.
Authors:
Hanan M F Al-Kadri; Hani M Tamim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of gynecology and obstetrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-0711     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710213     Medline TA:  Arch Gynecol Obstet     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynelogogy, College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Po Box 57374, Riyadh, 11574, Saudi Arabia, halkadri@gmail.com.
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