Document Detail

Factors associated with use of improved water sources and sanitation among rural primary schoolchildren in Pursat Province, Cambodia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22299486     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Access to improved water supplies and sanitation generally reduces childhood diarrhea incidence. Using a cross-sectional stratified cluster sampling design, interviews were conducted among grade 4-6 primary schoolchildren from 10 primary schools in highland and lowland districts of Pursat Province, Cambodia, in both June (rainy season) and December (dry season) 2009 to determine the demographics and water sources/sanitation used. Parents also recorded any incidents of diarrhea in their children over those months. We explored the sociodemographic factors associated with use of improved water sources/sanitation, using mixed effect modelling. Participation was 84.7% (1,101/1,300). About half exclusively used improved water sources but less than 25% had access to improved sanitation during both seasons. Adjusting for clustering within households and within individuals over time, exclusive use of improved water sources and sanitation were associated with the following: dry season, more permanent housing type, family size < 8 members, and higher levels of education. Exclusive use of improved sanitation was associated with good hygiene practices and exclusive use of improved water sources was associated with male gender. Access to improved water sources and sanitation among rural Cambodian primary schoolchildren can be improved, particularly in those with lower socio-economic status. Programs to promote use of improved water sources/sanitation need to target less educated parents.
Wee Liang En; Goh Lee Gan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0125-1562     ISO Abbreviation:  Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0266303     Medline TA:  Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health     Country:  Thailand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1022-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University Hospital, National University Health System, Singapore.
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