Document Detail


Factors associated with resilience in healthy adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17913377     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mature defenses comprise one well-validated indicator of resilience. We investigated the relationships of resilience to trauma, attachment, temperament, cortisol, and cognitive performance in adult healthy volunteers. Participants were administered the Defense Style Questionnaire; the Relationship Questionnaire; the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, and the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire. Cortisol determinations included 24-h urinary, mean hourly plasma, response to low-dose dexamethasone suppression, and reactivity to the Trier social stress test (TSST). Mathematical performance during the TSST was quantified. Twenty-five women and 29 men participated. Resilience was significantly negatively correlated with childhood interpersonal trauma and with harm avoidance. Resilience was significantly positively correlated with urinary cortisol, secure attachment, reward dependence, and superior performance. In a linear regression analysis, the strongest predictor of resilience was childhood trauma, followed by math performance under stress and harm avoidance. We conclude that in young adults without manifest psychiatric disorder, resilience was associated with developmental, biological, and cognitive measures which merit further investigation.
Authors:
Daphne Simeon; Rachel Yehuda; Ruth Cunill; Margaret Knutelska; Frank W Putnam; Lisa M Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2007-10-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychoneuroendocrinology     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0306-4530     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychoneuroendocrinology     Publication Date:    2007 Sep-Nov
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-16     Completed Date:  2008-03-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7612148     Medline TA:  Psychoneuroendocrinology     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1149-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA. daphne.simeon@mssm.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Physiological / physiology*
Adolescent
Adult
Avoidance Learning / physiology
Causality
Cognition / physiology
Domestic Violence / statistics & numerical data
Female
Harm Reduction / physiology
Health
Humans
Hydrocortisone / analysis,  urine
Life Change Events
Male
Middle Aged
Stress, Psychological / epidemiology*,  psychology*
Temperament / physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
M01 RR0071/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; R01 MH62414/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-23-7/Hydrocortisone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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