Document Detail


Factors associated with prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in urban adults from 33 communities in China: the CHPSNE Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21775998     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Using a randomized multistage cluster sampling, we studied the factors associated with the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension (defined as systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) measurements 140 and 90 mm Hg, respectively, or current drug treatment for hypertension) in a representative sample of the urban Chinese population. The participants were 18-74 years of age and had lived for at least 5 years in an area comprising 33 communities in three cities (Shenyang, Anshan and Jinzhou) in China. A total of 28 830 people were selected; the overall response rate was 87.4% (25 196/28 830). The overall prevalence of hypertension was 28.7% (7237/25 196). Of those with hypertension, 42.9% (3107/7237) were aware of their condition, 28.2% (2042/7237) were receiving treatment and 3.7% (264/7237) were considered controlled. More than half (57.8%) of the hypertensives did not think that high BP would endanger their lives. Multivariate analysis revealed that age, gender, education, occupation, income, body mass index, waist circumference and a family history of hypertension correlated significantly with the prevalence of hypertension. Among all the hypertensives, higher awareness (determined by odds ratios; 95% confidence intervals) was noted for persons who were white-collar workers (1.29; 1.08, 1.53, respectively), overweight (1.48; 1.30, 1.69), obese (3.37; 2.76, 4.11) or had a family history of hypertension (3.07; 2.76, 3.42). Among the individuals aware of their hypertension, treatment was more common in those with a higher level of education and less common among individuals consuming 2 alcoholic drinks per day (0.65; 0.52, 0.83). Controlled hypertension was much less common among older persons, and participants who were former smokers (0.49; 0.26, 0.91). The results indicate that more attention is needed to improve the awareness of the potentially fatal nature of hypertension in urban China.Hypertension Research advance online publication, 21 July 2011; doi:10.1038/hr.2011.99.
Authors:
Shen Tian; Guang-Hui Dong; Da Wang; Miao-Miao Liu; Qiao Lin; Xiu-Jun Meng; Li-Xia Xu; Hua Hou; Yu-Feng Ren
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1348-4214     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9307690     Medline TA:  Hypertens Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Neurology, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, PR China.
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