Document Detail

Factors associated with newborn in-hospital weight loss: comparisons by feeding method, demographics, and birthing procedures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17666534     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Full-term newborn normative weight loss and factors influencing this were determined through chart audits (n = 812) at 6 hospitals in Manitoba, Canada. The effects of parity, gestational age, birth weight, sex, length of stay, type of delivery (cesarean vs vaginal), epidural use, and type of infant feeding (exclusively breastfed, partially breastfed, exclusively formula-fed) on percentage weight loss in hospital were analyzed using multiple regression analysis. In-hospital weight loss was 5.09% +/- 2.89% (95% CI, 4.89-5.29), varying by feeding category: exclusively breastfed 5.49% +/- 2.60% (95% CI, 5.23-5.74), partially breastfed 5.52% +/- 3.02% (95% CI, 5.16-5.88), and formula-fed 2.43% +/- 2.12% (95% CI, 2.02-2.85). Factors significantly increasing the percentage weight loss included higher birth weight, female sex, epidural use, and longer hospital stay. Lower percentage weight loss was associated with greater gestational age and exclusive formula feeding. Parity and type of delivery were not significant. Controlling for demographic and delivery-related variables, exclusive formula feeding had the largest impact, with 3.1% less weight loss than exclusive breastfeeding.
Patricia J Martens; Linda Romphf
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of human lactation : official journal of International Lactation Consultant Association     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0890-3344     ISO Abbreviation:  J Hum Lact     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-01     Completed Date:  2007-09-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709498     Medline TA:  J Hum Lact     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  233-41, quiz 242-5     Citation Subset:  N    
Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Anesthesia, Epidural / adverse effects
Birth Weight / physiology
Feeding Behavior*
Infant Food
Infant Formula / administration & dosage*
Infant, Newborn / growth & development*
Length of Stay
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Weight Loss*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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