Document Detail


Factors associated with loneliness among mothers with 4-month-old or 18-month-old infants in an urban area in Japan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24739939     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objectives The factors associated with loneliness in adults and elderly people have been revealed in previous studies. However, much less is known about these factors for mothers with infants. This article investigates the individual and environmental factors associated with loneliness among mothers with 4-month-old or 18-month-old infants in an urban area in Japan.Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-reported questionnaire survey. Multiple linear regression analyses were undertaken with loneliness (UCLA Loneliness Scale Version 3) as the dependent variable; and demographics, individual factors (internal working model, child-care burden), and environmental factors (social network) as independent variables.Results The study population consisted of 125 mothers with 4-month-old infants and 123 mothers with 18-month-old infants who visited a Ward B health center in city A in 2012. Mothers of the 4-month-old infants with higher loneliness scores were significantly more likely to have an ambivalent type (β=.354, P<.001) or avoidant type (β=.331, P<.001) of internal working model, greater child-care burden (β=.180, P<.05), and a smaller social network of family (β=-.144, P<.05) and child-rearing friends (β=-.255, P<.01). Mothers of 18-month-old infants with higher loneliness scores were significantly more likely to have lower subjective health (β=-.191, P<.01), an ambivalent type (β=.297, P<.001) or avoidant type (β=.190, P<.05) of internal working model, greater child-care burden (β=.283, P<.001), and a smaller social network of child-rearing friends (β=-.213, P<.01).Conclusion To prevent loneliness in mothers, it is important to build mothers' human relations through childcare, to enhance their ability to take advantage of childcare while receiving support, and to support community organizations for mothers with infants.
Authors:
Miki Sato; Etsuko Tadaka; Azusa Arimoto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  [Nihon kōshū eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health     Volume:  61     ISSN:  0546-1766     ISO Abbreviation:  Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi     Publication Date:  2014  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-04-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  19130150R     Medline TA:  Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  121-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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