Document Detail


Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding in Accra, Ghana.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15870819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To assess factors associated with exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) in Accra, Ghana. DESIGN, SUBJECTS, SETTING: Data on current and past infant feeding patterns, sociodemographic, biomedical and biocultural factors were collected using a cross-sectional design, from a sample of 376 women with infants 0-6 months, attending maternal and child health (MCH) clinics in Accra. EBF was defined in two ways: (a) based on a 24-h recall, and (b) based on a recall of liquids or foods given since birth. RESULTS: Although 99.7% of mothers were currently breastfeeding (BF), only half (51.6%) of them EBF their infants. About 98% of participants had heard about EBF, and 85.6% of them planned to EBF on delivery. Based on 'since birth' EBF, planned EBF on delivery was associated with higher likelihood of EBF (OR=2.56; 95% CI, 1.06-6.17) and delivery at a hospital/polyclinic was associated with a two times higher likelihood of EBF (OR=1.96; 95% CI, 1.08-3.54). Women living in their own houses were more likely to EBF (OR=3.96; 95% CI, 1.02-15.49) than those living in rented accommodations and family houses. Those with a more positive attitude towards EBF were more likely to EBF (OR=2.0; 95% CI, 1.11-3.57) than their counterparts with more negative attitudes. The '24-h recall' EBF model yielded similar results. CONCLUSION: In this population, EBF was associated with delivery at hospital/polyclinic, having secondary school education, intention to EBF prior to delivery, owning a home and having a positive attitude to EBF.
Authors:
B A Aidam; R Pérez-Escamilla; A Lartey; J Aidam
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  59     ISSN:  0954-3007     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2005 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-06-02     Completed Date:  2005-09-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  789-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, 3624 Horsebarn Hill Road Extension, U-17, Storrs, CT 06269, USA. bchinbus@yahoo.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Attitude to Health*
Breast Feeding* / epidemiology,  statistics & numerical data
Confidence Intervals
Cross-Sectional Studies
Educational Status
Female
Ghana
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Health Promotion
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Maternal Behavior
Mental Recall
Mothers / psychology*
Odds Ratio
Socioeconomic Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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