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Factors affecting major morbidity after video-assisted thoracic surgery for lung cancer.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25167779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has been widely applied in the treatment of lung cancer. However, few studies have focused on the clinical factors predicting the major postoperative complications.
METHODS: Clinical data from 525 patients who underwent resection of primary lung cancer with VATS from January 2007-August 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. Risk factors related to major postoperative complications were assessed by univariate and multivariate analyses with logistic regression.
RESULTS: Major complications occurred in 36 (6.86%) patients, of which seven died (1.33%) within 30 d, postoperatively. Major complications included respiratory failure, hemothorax, myocardial infarction, heart failure, bronchial fistula, cerebral infarction, and pulmonary embolism. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses demonstrated that age >70 y (odds ratio [OR], 2.105; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.205-3.865), forced expiratory volume during the first second expressed as a percentage of predicted ≤70% (OR, 2.106; 95% CI 1.147-3.982) combined with coronary heart disease (OR, 2.257; 95% CI 1.209-4.123) were independent prognostic factors for major complications.
CONCLUSIONS: Age >70 and forced expiratory volume during the first second expressed as a percentage of predicted ≤70% combined with coronary heart disease are independent prognostic factors for postoperative major complications. Patients in these groups should undergo careful preoperative evaluation and perioperative management.
Authors:
Zhiqiang Wang; Jiru Zhang; Zhou Cheng; Xianhua Li; Zhenjun Wang; Chuanxin Liu; Zongtao Xie
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of surgical research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-8673     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Surg. Res.     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376340     Medline TA:  J Surg Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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