Document Detail


Factors affecting the increased prevalence of erectile dysfunction in Greek hypertensive compared with normotensive subjects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16339456     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Arterial hypertension is considered a risk factor for erectile dysfunction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of erectile dysfunction in hypertensive compared with normotensive individuals of similar demographic characteristics in Greece. Furthermore, the effect of age, hypertension severity, hypertension duration, and antihypertension medication on erectile function of these subjects was investigated. The study population consisted of 634 consecutive young and middle-aged men (31-65 years) that visited our outpatient clinic. From them, 358 patients had arterial hypertension and 276 were normotensive. Erectile dysfunction was evaluated with the International Index for Erectile Function questionnaire. Erectile dysfunction was found in 35.2% of patients with essential hypertension compared with 14.1% of normotensive subjects (chi(2) = 35.92, P < .001). Patients with essential hypertension had more severe erectile dysfunction than their normotensive counterparts (chi(2) = 17.1, P < .001). Hypertension duration, hypertension severity, antihypertension medication, and age were positively correlated with erectile dysfunction. The prevalence of erectile dysfunction is higher in patients with essential hypertension compared with normotensive subjects of similar demographic characteristics. Erectile dysfunction is related to age in both groups, whereas duration and severity of hypertension as well as antihypertension drugs affect erectile function of hypertensive patients. Erectile dysfunction affects patient quality of life, underlining the need for vigorous research of this condition and appropriate management.
Authors:
Michael Doumas; Alexandros Tsakiris; Stella Douma; Alkiviadis Grigorakis; Angelos Papadopoulos; Athina Hounta; Sotirios Tsiodras; Dimitrios Dimitriou; Helen Giamarellou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2005-12-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of andrology     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0196-3635     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Androl.     Publication Date:    2006 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-20     Completed Date:  2006-06-28     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8106453     Medline TA:  J Androl     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  469-77     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
4th Department of Internal Medicine, University of Athens, Attikon Hospital, Athens, Greece. michalisdoumas@yahoo.co.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / adverse effects
Adult
Antihypertensive Agents / adverse effects
Diuretics / adverse effects
Erectile Dysfunction / epidemiology*,  etiology
Greece / epidemiology
Humans
Hypertension / complications*
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenergic beta-Antagonists; 0/Antihypertensive Agents; 0/Diuretics

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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