Document Detail


Factors affecting the incidence of postpartum oestrus, ovarian activity and reproductive performance in Thoroughbred mares bred at foal heat under Indian subtropical conditions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20207409     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Decreased reproductive performance due to summer stress is a well known phenomenon in farm livestock. Whether this occurs in the mare and specifically how this might affect postpartum reproductive activity and performance, especially at Foal Heat (FH), is unknown. This study, therefore, aims to investigate this and the factors that might affect postpartum reproductive activity. Reproductive records of 228 Thoroughbred mares (694 mare years) bred in subtropical north-western India were retrospectively analysed. Overt oestrous activity occurred within 21 d postpartum in 92.94% (645/694) of mares. Significantly (p<0.001) more April foaling mares (97.37%, 185/190) expressed postpartum oestrous activity than those foaling in January (83.61%; 51/61) and February (88.49; 123/139). Similarly significantly (p<0.01) fewer multiparous mares failed to demonstrate oestrous activity than primiparous mares (6.12% vs.15.07%; 38/621 vs. 11/73, respectively). 190 of these 694 mares were additionally monitored to confirm ovulation; in these mares onset of FH (oestrus plus confirmed ovulation) occurred 8.42+/-0.17 d and first ovulation 13.64+/-0.20 d postpartum. Month, stud farm, year, and parity did not affect interval from parturition to FH onset or to first ovulation; or FH onset to ovulation. In FH bred mares Day 16 pregnancy rate and overall foaling rate were 53.76% (100/186) and 46.24% (86/186) respectively and were similar to those of mares bred later postpartum. FH pregnancy rates were not affected by stud, season, month, year, number of matings, or day of ovulation but were significantly (p<0.008) lowered by increasing mare age. Significantly (p<0.01) lower Day 16 pregnancy rates were observed in uterine treated mares compared to untreated mares (31.09% vs. 57.96%; 9/29 vs. 91/157, respectively), this difference was not evident during the rest of pregnancy. In conclusion, postpartum reproductive and ovarian activity appears to be affected by environment, i.e., delayed in subtropical kept Thoroughbred mares compared to those kept in temperate climates. However, resulting reproductive performance at FH and the factors affecting postpartum reproductive activity are similar.
Authors:
Sumeet Sharma; M C G Davies Morel; G S Dhaliwal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-03-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Theriogenology     Volume:  74     ISSN:  1879-3231     ISO Abbreviation:  Theriogenology     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-31     Completed Date:  2010-09-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421510     Medline TA:  Theriogenology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  90-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Civil Veterinary Hospital, Mahatam Nagar, Fazilka, Punjab, India. sumeetsharmapau@yahoo.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Breeding
Climate*
Estrus / physiology*
Female
Horses / physiology*
Hot Temperature
India
Ovary / physiology*
Ovulation / physiology
Parity / physiology
Postpartum Period / physiology*
Pregnancy
Reproduction / physiology*
Retrospective Studies
Seasons
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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