Document Detail


Factors affecting exhaled carbon monoxide levels in coffeehouses in the Western Black Sea region of Turkey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20858650     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to evaluate indoor air quality and factors affecting expired carbon monoxide (CO) levels in a coffeehouse environment. This cross-sectional study was conducted at 16 randomly selected coffeehouses in Duzce, Turkey, during November 2007 to March 2008. A total of 547 people, average age 46.72 ± 17.03 (19-82) years, participated. The selected coffeehouses were divided into four groups: (1) smoking, (2) nonsmoking, (3) old-style and (iv) new-style coffeehouses. Prior to entering the coffeehouse, exhaled CO levels in smokers (mean 21.17 ± 6.73 parts per million [ppm]) were significantly higher than those for nonsmokers (6.51 ± 4.56 ppm; p < 0.001). Measurements taken after 2 hours in the coffeehouse also showed significantly higher CO concentrations for smokers (22.72 ± 5.31 ppm), compared to nonsmokers (6.51 ± 4.56 ppm; p < 0.001). It was determined that CO levels inside coffee shops were above the WHO guidelines. Exhaled CO levels in nonsmokers are influenced by the ambient CO levels as a result of the use of cigarettes in coffeehouses in addition to the structure of coffeehouses.
Authors:
Talat Bahcebasi; Hayati Kandis; Davut Baltaci; Ismail Hamdi Kara
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Toxicology and industrial health     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1477-0393     ISO Abbreviation:  Toxicol Ind Health     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8602702     Medline TA:  Toxicol Ind Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  195-204     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Medical Faculty, Public Health Department, Duzce University, Düzce, Turkey. tbahcebasi@yahoo.com.tr.
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