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Factors Affecting Return of Continence 3 Months After Robot-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy: Analysis From a Large, Prospective Data by a Single Surgeon.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22114811     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: In this study we identified preoperative or intraoperative factors responsible for the early return of continence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy using data from a high volume center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 1,299 patients who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy performed by a single surgeon from January 2008 to June 2010 were collected prospectively and analyzed retrospectively. Patients were categorized according to whether they regained continence (no pad and no urinary leakage) within 3 months and variables were then compared. A self-administered validated questionnaire (Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite) was used for assessment of continence status and time to recovery. RESULTS: Within 3 months after surgery 86.3% of patients (1,121/1,299) had recovered continence. Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that only age (p <0.001, hazard ratio 0.98, 95% CI 0.97-0.99) and performance of a nerve sparing procedure were independent predictors. After adjusting for age, the hazard ratio was 1.61 (95% CI 1.25-2.07, p <0.001) for partial nerve sparing and 1.44 (1.13-1.83, p = 0.003) for bilateral nerve sparing compared to the nonnerve sparing group. Median time (95% CI) to the recovery of continence was prolonged in the nonnerve sparing group compared to nerve sparing counterparts at 6 (5.12-6.88), 4 (3.60-4.40) and 5 weeks (4.70-5.30) in the nonnerve sparing, partial nerve sparing and bilateral nerve sparing groups, respectively, with log rank p <0.01. CONCLUSIONS: Findings from our analysis indicate that the likelihood of postoperative urinary control was significantly higher in younger patients and when a nerve sparing procedure was performed.
Young Hwii Ko; Rafael F Coelho; Sanket Chauhan; Ananthakrishnan Sivaraman; Oscar Schatloff; Jun Cheon; Vipul R Patel
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of urology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1527-3792     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376374     Medline TA:  J Urol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Global Robotics Institute, Florida Hospital Celebration Health, Celebration, and University of Central Florida School of Medicine, Orlando, Florida; Department of Urology, Korea University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
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