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Factors Affecting Gross Efficiency in Cycling.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22706941     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
There is little standardization of how to measure cycling gross efficiency (GE). Therefore, the purposes of these studies were to evaluate the effect of: i) stage duration, ii) relative exercise intensity, iii) work capacity and iv) a prior maximal incremental test on GE. Trained subjects (n=28) performed incremental tests with stage durations of 1-, 3-, and 6-min to establish the effect of stage duration and relative exercise intensity on GE. The effect of work capacity was evaluated by correlating GE with peak power output (PPO). In different subjects (n=9), GE was measured at 50% PPO with and without a prior maximal incremental test. GE was similar in 3- and 6-min stages (19.7±2.8% and 19.3±2.0%), but significantly higher during 1-min stages (21.1±2.7%), GE increased with relative exercise intensity, up to 50% PPO or the power output corresponding to the ventilatory threshold and then remained stable. No relationship between work capacity and GE was found. Prior maximal exercise had a small effect on GE measures; GE was lower after maximal exercise. In conclusion, GE can be determined robustly so long as steady state exercise is performed and RER ≤1.0.
J J de Koning; D A Noordhof; A Lucia; C Foster
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-3964     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008349     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
Research Institute MOVE, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
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