Document Detail

Factor structure of the CES-D and measurement invariance across gender for low-income Puerto Ricans in a probability sample.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20515214     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The authors of this study aimed to evaluate 2-factor structures for the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) reported in the literature to determine which one proves to be a better fit with the data on low-income Puerto Ricans living on the island.
METHOD: The sample consisted of 3,504 civilian noninstitutionalized Puerto Ricans, ranging in age from 18 to 64 who were living in low-income areas of Puerto Rico. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was implemented, and model fit was assessed with the Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI), the comparative fit index (CFI), and the root-mean-square error of approximation (RMSEA).
RESULTS: The CFA results obtained for the Radloff (1977) and Guarnaccia, Angel, and Worobey (1989) models show that neither model obtained adequate fit indexes. Exploratory factor analysis revealed that the 2-factor structure not only obtained better fit indexes (TLI = .948, CFI = .955, RMSEA = .048) but also reflected a better conceptual organization of the factors (basically divided into 2 components: Negative Affect and Positive Affect). When we assessed the model fit by gender, the model consistently fit the data for the female subsample but not for the male one.
CONCLUSIONS: Results confirm the need to address the issues related to measurement equivalence for specific cultural and language gaps in assessment of depressive symptoms. Lack of factor invariance across gender also raises the question of the appropriateness of this measure for the male subsample and the need for further research in the manifestation of depression in this group.
Carmen L Rivera-Medina; José Noel Caraballo; Elí R Rodríguez-Cordero; Guillermo Bernal; Elixmahir Dávila-Marrero
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of consulting and clinical psychology     Volume:  78     ISSN:  1939-2117     ISO Abbreviation:  J Consult Clin Psychol     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-02     Completed Date:  2010-09-30     Revised Date:  2014-06-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0136553     Medline TA:  J Consult Clin Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  398-408     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Cultural Comparison*
Depressive Disorder / diagnosis,  ethnology*,  psychology
Hispanic Americans / psychology*
Middle Aged
Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data*
Poverty Areas*
Psychometrics / statistics & numerical data
Reproducibility of Results
Sampling Studies
Sex Factors
Young Adult
Grant Support
2R24MH049368-14/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; P20 MD006144/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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