Document Detail

Facilitation of left ventricular function recovery post percutaneous coronary intervention by levosimendan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23063476     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Efficiency of percutaneous revascularization and the utility of levosimendan for advanced ischemic heart failure (HF) is unclear. We examined the efficacy of revascularization and levosimendan on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and mortality of patients admitted with acute decompensated HF and severe left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS: A prospective case control study that enrolled 84 patients with ischemic decompensated HF with LVEF <35% and preserved LV wall thickness. Group A: 42 patients whose LVEF improved post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Group B1: 22 patients whose LVEF did not improve post-PCI alone but improved after levosimendan. Group B2: 20 patients whose LVEF did not improve neither post-PCI nor post levosimendan. RESULTS: LVEF increased in group A from 22±5 to 29±5% post PCI and continued to improve at the 6month follow-up (36±4%). In group B1 LVEF did not improve after PCI, but increased after levosimendan from 23±4% to 32±4% and remained constant at 6months. In group B2 LVEF 26±4% did not change following both interventions. Reverse remodeling with a decrease in end-diastolic and end-systolic diameters was observed only in groups A and B1. Group B2 had a dismal prognosis with 36% in-hospital and 43% six month mortality. Groups A and B1 had a lower in hospital (4.7%, 4.5%) and mid term (11%, 11%) mortality. CONCLUSION: Improvement of LV size and function with better prognosis can be expected in the majority of patients undergoing PCI for decompensated ischemic HF. Levosimendan enhanced the recovery of LV function post PCI.
Dahud Qarawani; Ayala Cohen; Menachem Nahir; Yonathan Hasin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Cardiovascular Institute Bruch Padea Medical Center, Tiberias Israel. Electronic address: DQARAWANI@GMAIL.COM.
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