Document Detail


Facial expressions in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) and their use by conspecifics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23412667     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Facial expressions have been studied mainly in chimpanzees and have been shown to be important social signals. In platyrrhine and strepsirrhine primates, it has been doubted that facial expressions are differentiated enough, or the species socially capable enough, for facial expressions to be part of their communication system. However, in a series of experiments presenting olfactory, auditory and visual stimuli, we found that common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) displayed an unexpected variety of facial expressions. Especially, olfactory and auditory stimuli elicited obvious facial displays (such as disgust), some of which are reported here for the first time. We asked whether specific facial responses to food and predator-related stimuli might act as social signals to conspecifics. We recorded two contrasting facial expressions (fear and pleasure) as separate sets of video clips and then presented these to cage mates of those marmosets shown in the images, while tempting the subject with food. Results show that the expression of a fearful face on screen significantly reduced time spent near the food bowl compared to the duration when a face showing pleasure was screened. This responsiveness to a cage mate's facial expressions suggests that the evolution of facial signals may have occurred much earlier in primate evolution than had been thought.
Authors:
Caralyn Kemp; Gisela Kaplan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Animal cognition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1435-9456     ISO Abbreviation:  Anim Cogn     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9814573     Medline TA:  Anim Cogn     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Centre for Neuroscience and Animal Behaviour, School of Science and Technology, Faculty of Arts and Science, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, 2351, Australia, caralyn@kemputer.com.au.
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