Document Detail

Facial aesthetics and the assignment of personality traits before and after orthognathic surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22129999     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Processing and interpreting the face is generally very important because one is often required to make rapid decisions in life on the basis of meagre information. Ninety-two volunteers used a computer-assisted test battery to assess 40 profiles of patients (8 skeletal Class II and 8 skeletal Class III patients, each pre- and postoperatively, with 8 skeletal Class I photographs serving as controls). On a 7-point Likert scale the raters were asked to evaluate aesthetics and a few relevant personality traits (e.g. unintelligent, inhibited, aggressive, brutal). The photographs of the two patient groups were rated significantly less attractive and intelligent prior to surgery than the photographs of the control group. In respect of personality traits, the photographs of the skeletal Class III group differed more strongly from normal ones. In respect of aesthetics and intelligence, both patient groups benefited markedly from surgery. For some personality traits, significant interactions were found between the two groups on pre-post comparison. The method underlying the study is useful for evaluating the outcome of orthognathic surgery, but also indicates the strongly generalized and unconscious processes involved in the estimation of people's personality traits, especially when these concern deviations from the socially normal condition.
K Sinko; R Jagsch; B Benes; G Millesi; F Fischmeister; R Ewers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1399-0020     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8605826     Medline TA:  Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
University Clinic for Cranio-, Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, Medical University, Vienna, Austria.
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