Document Detail

The Facial Evolution: Looking Backward and Moving Forward.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23033261     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Three-dimensional (3D) facial analysis is ideal for high-resolution, nonionizing, noninvasive objective, high-throughput phenotypic, and phenomic studies. It is a natural complement to (epi)genetic technologies to facilitate advances in the understanding of rare and common diseases. The face is uniquely reflective of the primordial tissues, and there is evidence supporting the application of 3D facial analysis to the investigation of variation and disease including studies showing that the face can reflect systemic health, provides diagnostic clues to disorders, and that facial variation reflects biological pathways. In addition, facial variation has been related to evolutionary factors. The purpose of this review is to look backward to suggest that knowledge of human evolution supports, and may instruct, the application and interpretation of studies of facial morphology for documentation of human variation and investigation of its relationships with health and disease. Furthermore, in the context of advances of deep phenotyping and data integration, to look forward to suggest approaches to scalable implementation of facial analysis, and to suggest avenues for future research and clinical application of this technology.
Gareth Baynam; Mark Walters; Peter Claes; Stefanie Kung; Peter Lesouef; Hugh Dawkins; David Gillett; Jack Goldblatt
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human mutation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1098-1004     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum. Mutat.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9215429     Medline TA:  Hum Mutat     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Genetic Services of Western Australia, Princess Margaret and King Edward Memorial Hospitals, Perth, Australia; School of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.
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