Document Detail

Facial Cutaneous Necrosis Associated With Suspected Levamisole Toxicity From Tainted Cocaine Abuse.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25015925     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to illustrate the otorhinolaryngologic manifestations of levamisole toxicity and illuminate the features of this diagnosis.
METHODS: We describe a case of a known cocaine abuser with suspected levamisole toxicity who developed cutaneous necrosis of the cheeks, earlobes, nose, upper and lower lip, and the midline hard palate. We also review the existing clinical literature about this emerging phenomenon.
RESULTS: Levamisole is a common adulterant in cocaine distributed in the United States and has been reported to cause microvascular thrombosis and vasculitis with resultant skin necrosis in cocaine abusers. The distribution of skin findings characteristically involves the cheeks, earlobes, nose, lips, and hard palate and responds variably to cessation of cocaine use. In its most severe cases, immune suppression and/or surgical debridement may be required.
CONCLUSION: Levamisole toxicity can frequently involve the ears, nose, and throat tissues. Otorhinolaryngologists should recognize these manifestations to expeditiously diagnose and manage this condition. Failure to do so promptly can lead to complications that may necessitate reconstructive or amputation surgery.
Eric J Formeister; Michael T Falcone; Eric A Mair
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0003-4894     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol.     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0407300     Medline TA:  Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© The Author(s) 2014.
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