Document Detail

Extraperitoneal laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: a prospective evaluation of 600 cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16093985     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: We report our experience with the extraperitoneal approach to laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. We describe the technique, clinical and oncological results, and functional outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From February 2002, to March 2004, 600 laparoscopic radical prostatectomies were performed by an extraperitoneal approach and evaluated prospectively. RESULTS: A total of 599 extraperitoneal procedures were performed successfully. Mean operative time was 173 minutes. Mean operative blood loss was 380 cc. The transfusion rate was 1.2%. The major and minor complications rate was 2.3% and 9.2%, respectively. The reoperation rate was 1.7%. Mean hospital stay was 6.3 days. Pathological stage was pT2 and pT3 in 72% and 28% of cases, respectively. Mean Gleason score was 7. The overall positive margin rate was 17.7% (14.6% and 25.6% of pT2 and pT3 tumors, respectively). Median followup was 12 months. Of the patients 95% had prostate specific antigen less than 0.2 ng/ml. Patients were evaluated by a self-questionnaire sent by mail before and after surgery (International Continence Society and International Index of Erectile Function-5). At a median followup of 12 months 84% of the patients were continent (no pad), 7% used 1 precautionary pad and 7% needed 1 pad routinely. At a median followup of 6 months in preoperatively potent patients (International Index of Erectile Function-5 greater than 20) the postoperative erection and intercourse rate was 64% and 43%, respectively, in those with bilateral nerve bundle preservation. CONCLUSIONS: The extraperitoneal technique is a reliable approach to laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.
François Rozet; Marc Galiano; Xavier Cathelineau; Eric Barret; Nathalie Cathala; Guy Vallancien
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of urology     Volume:  174     ISSN:  0022-5347     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Urol.     Publication Date:  2005 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-11     Completed Date:  2005-09-28     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376374     Medline TA:  J Urol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  908-11     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Urology, Institut Montsouris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France.
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MeSH Terms
Erectile Dysfunction / etiology
Laparoscopy / methods*
Lymph Node Excision
Middle Aged
Neoplasm Staging
Peritoneum / surgery
Postoperative Complications / etiology
Prospective Studies
Prostate / pathology
Prostatectomy / methods*
Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology,  surgery*
Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive / methods*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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