Document Detail


Extraction and enhancement of spectral structure by the cochlea.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  4067086     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The intensity dependence of signal processing in the cat cochlea was studied in responses of single auditory-nerve fibers for harmonic complexes having various amplitude and phase spectra. Analyses were based on information present in temporal discharge cadences, and they consisted of assessing Fourier spectra of period histograms synchronized to the period of the waveform fundamental. At low intensities, response spectra resembled filtered versions of the stimulus spectrum, with the amounts of filtering being determined by fibers' tuning curves. At high intensities, response spectra exhibited nonlinear behavior and could differ dramatically from spectra obtained at low intensities. The high-intensity response typically emphasized one or more aspects of the stimulus spectrum. When the stimulus possessed equal component amplitudes and phases, the features that were emphasized at high intensities were the high- and low-frequency edges of the spectrum, and when the component at fiber CF was changed in phase or amplitude relative to the others, fibers primarily signaled the presence of the phase- or amplitude-shifted component. Many of the intensity-dependent changes in response spectra are accounted for by considering the effects of the compressive input-output nonlinearity operating at or peripheral to the hair-cell level on the temporal waveform.
Authors:
J W Horst; E Javel; G R Farley
Related Documents :
24848476 - Static frequency tuning properties account for changes in neural synchrony evoked by tr...
20119046 - Liquid optical fibers.
18071536 - Frequency modulation via the doppler effect in optical fibers.
952566 - Physical properties of surgical suture materials: stress-strain relationship, stress-re...
2133116 - Effects of exogenous melatonin on sun-compass orientation of homing pigeons.
2769356 - Classification of turtle retinal ganglion cells.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  78     ISSN:  0001-4966     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  1985 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-01-09     Completed Date:  1986-01-09     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1898-901     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustic Stimulation
Animals
Auditory Perception / physiology*
Cats
Cochlea / physiology*
Evoked Potentials, Auditory
Vestibulocochlear Nerve / physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
NS-14880/NS/NINDS NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Level effects in complex stimulus discrimination.
Next Document:  Legal consequences of standard setting for competitive athletes with cardiovascular abnormalities.