Document Detail

Extracting oscillometric pulses from the cuff pressure: does it affect the pressures determined by oscillometric blood pressure monitors?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16932036     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Oscillometric noninvasive blood pressure measurement devices determine the pressures by analysing the relationship between the pressure in an occluding cuff and low-amplitude pressure pulses (oscillometric pulses) induced in the cuff by the arterial pressure wave. This paper examines the effects on the pulses and oscillometric pulse amplitude envelope of the filters that extract the pulses from the cuff pressure. METHODS: The cuff pressure and oscillometric pulses extracted by the filter were recorded from a Critikon DINAMAP and a Datex Cardiocap, chosen because of accessibility of the filtered and unfiltered signals. The unfiltered oscillometric pulses were determined by subtracting the cuff pressure from a baseline constructed to represent either the Critikon's step deflation cuff pressure or the Datex's gradual pressure decrease. Waveforms were recorded from a noninvasive blood pressure test simulator and three volunteers. CONCLUSIONS: The filter alters the shape of oscillometric pulses causing a shift in the oscillometric pulse amplitude envelope drawn from the filtered pulses compared with that drawn from the unfiltered pulses in human subjects, but not the test simulator. The pulse shape distortion is dependent on the filter characteristics and the oscillometric pulse shape. Further work is required to explore whether this may help explain why simulators with artificial waveforms cannot validate noninvasive blood pressure monitors and why noninvasive blood pressure monitors may not be accurate in all patient groups.
John N Amoore
Related Documents :
12052846 - Heart rate: an important confounder of pulse wave velocity assessment.
2293626 - Transcortical streaming potentials are generated by circulatory pressure gradients in l...
9793276 - Global primary blast injury: a rat model.
1435916 - A noninvasive method of predicting pulmonary-capillary wedge pressure.
18573496 - Papillary muscle and annulus size effect on anterior and posterior annulus tension of t...
8275736 - Management of acute respiratory failure due to pulmonary edema with nasal positive pres...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Blood pressure monitoring     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1359-5237     ISO Abbreviation:  Blood Press Monit     Publication Date:  2006 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-25     Completed Date:  2006-11-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9606438     Medline TA:  Blood Press Monit     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  269-79     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medical Physics and Medical Engineering, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure*
Blood Pressure Determination / instrumentation*,  methods
Models, Cardiovascular
Oscillometry / instrumentation*,  methods
Pulsatile Flow*
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
Transducers, Pressure

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  The economic impact of the introduction of home blood pressure measurement for the diagnosis and tre...
Next Document:  Validation of three oscillometric blood pressure devices against auscultatory mercury sphygmomanomet...