Document Detail

Extracranial Carotid - Vertebral Bypass for Endovascular Access to Complex Posterior Circulation Aneurysms: A Novel Management Approach.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22083093     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Endovascular embolization is a desirable treatment option for complex posterior circulation aneurysms, particularly recurrent aneurysms or those in difficult to access surgical locations.However, endovascular access is occasionally prohibited by proximal vertebral artery (VA) occlusion or vessel tortuosity.One strategy in such instances involves creation of an extracranial bypass conduit to the distal VA. OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel strategy to allow for endovascular treatment of aneurysms at high risk for direct surgery. METHODS: Three cases of carotid-VA bypass performed to provide endovascular access to posterior circulation aneurysms were identified. The clinical indications, radiographic characteristics, operative technique and outcomes were reviewed. RESULTS: Indications for bypass were:previously clipped recurrent basilar tip aneurysm; previously coiled midbasilar aneurysm with compaction requiring stent placement; distal intracranial VA aneurysm with iatrogenic vertebral dissection/occlusion after initial coil attempt.In all cases routine endovascular access for primary or stent-assisted coiling was prohibited by VA tortuosity.Bypass using interposition saphenous vein grafts was successfully performed to the C1-C2 region of the V2 segment without complications.The bypass was followed by successful endovascular treatment in all cases 2 to 6 weeks post surgery.In one patient, 2 recurrent treatments through the graft were subsequently performed for coil compaction. CONCLUSION: Extracranial carotid-VA bypass can be a valuable tool in the management of complex posterior circulations aneurysms.It is a safe and efficacious technique providing a conduit for repeated access to the posterior circulation in patients with otherwise prohibitive vertebral anatomy.
Markus Chwajol; Troy A Munson; Ali Alaraj; Fady T Charbel; Victor A Aletich; Sepideh Amin-Hanjani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurosurgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1524-4040     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802914     Medline TA:  Neurosurgery     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA1.
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