Document Detail

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation by Single-Vessel Access in Adults: Advantages and Limitations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22990284     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vvECMO) conventionally requires the cannulation of two vessels. Here we report our initial experience with the "Wang-Zwische" (WZ) double-lumen cannula.In a group of n = 36 patients single venous cannulation for vvECMO was performed. A retrospective analysis was executed. A comparison of flow characteristics to standard two-vessel cannulation was performed. Mean age of the patient population was 48 ± 15 years (body mass index [BMI] 32 ± 13 kg/m). In n = 32 patients (89%) the cannula was implanted percutaneously under echo or fluoroscopic guidance in less than 30 minutes. Nine patients were partially mobilized on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. Oxygenation (partial arterial oxygen tension [PaO2]/fraction of inspired oxygen [FiO2]) improved significantly in all patients from 66 mm Hg (interquartile range [IQR] 58-87 mm Hg) before ECMO to 117 mm Hg (IQR 95-195 mm Hg, p = 0.001) after 24 hours. In seven patients (19%) nonfatal adverse events occurred, including three dislocations, two partial cannula thrombosis, one ventricular perforation, and one retroperitoneal hemorrhage. The negative pressures for drainage at a flow of 2.5 L/min were significantly lower in a standard (S) two-vessel approach compared with a WZ approach (S: -9 mm Hg; IQR -3 to -24 mm Hg, vs. WZ: -23 mm Hg; IQR -4 to -40 mm Hg; p = 0.04). The WZ cannula offers sufficient gas exchange in addition to certain advantages over standard cannulation, including facilitated cannulation in selected patients and improved mobilization.
Daniele Camboni; Alois Philipp; Matthias Lubnow; Thomas Bein; York Zausig; Michael Hilker; Bernhard Flörchinger; Leopold Rupprecht; Andreas Keyser; Reinhard Kobuch; Dirk Lunz; Simon Schopka; Assad Haneya; Christof Schmid; Thomas Müller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  ASAIO journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs : 1992)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1538-943X     ISO Abbreviation:  ASAIO J.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9204109     Medline TA:  ASAIO J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
From the Departments of *Cardiothoracic Surgery, †Anesthesiology, and ‡Internal Medicine II, University Hospital Regensburg, Germany.
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