Document Detail


External morphology explains the success of biological invasions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25227153     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Biological invasions have become major players in the current biodiversity crisis, but realistic tools to predict which species will establish successful populations are still unavailable. Here we present a novel approach that requires only a morphometric characterisation of the species. Using fish invasions of the Mediterranean, we show that the abundance of non-indigenous fishes correlates with the location and relative size of occupied morphological space within the receiving pool of species. Those invaders that established abundant populations tended to be added outside or at the margins of the receiving morphospace, whereas non-indigenous species morphologically similar to resident ones failed to develop large populations or even to establish themselves, probably because the available ecological niches were already occupied. Accepting that morphology is a proxy for a species' ecological position in a community, our findings are consistent with ideas advanced since Darwin's naturalisation hypothesis and provide a new warning signal to identify invaders and to recognise vulnerable communities.
Authors:
Ernesto Azzurro; Victor M Tuset; Antoni Lombarte; Francesc Maynou; Daniel Simberloff; Ana Rodríguez-Pérez; Ricard V Solé
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Publication Detail:
Type:  LETTER     Date:  2014-9-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ecology letters     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1461-0248     ISO Abbreviation:  Ecol. Lett.     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101121949     Medline TA:  Ecol Lett     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd/CNRS.
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