Document Detail


External cardioversion of atrial fibrillation: comparison of biphasic vs monophasic waveform shocks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11333061     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: It is well established in transthoracic ventricular defibrillation that biphasic truncated waveform shocks are associated with superior defibrillation efficacy when compared with damped sine wave monophasic waveform shocks. The aim of this study was to explore whether biphasic waveform shocks were superior to monophasic waveform shocks for external cardioversion of atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients in whom cardioversion of AF was indicated were randomized in this prospective study, to transthoracic cardioversion with either monophasic damped sine waveform shocks or biphasic impedance compensating waveform shocks. In the group randomized to monophasic waveform shocks (27 patients), a first shock of 150 J was delivered, followed (if necessary) by a 360 J shock. In the biphasic waveform group (30 patients), the first shock had an energy of 150 J and (if necessary) a second 150 J was delivered. All shocks were delivered in the anterolateral chest pad position. Sinus rhythm was restored in 16 patients (51%) with the first monophasic shock and in 27 patients (86%) with the first biphasic shock. The difference was statistically significant (P=0.02). After the second shock, sinus rhythm was obtained in a total of 24 patients (88%) with monophasic shocks and in 28 patients (93%) with biphasic shocks. No complication was observed in either group and cardiac enzymes (CK, CKmb, troponin I, myoglobin) did not show any significant changes. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that at the same energy level of 150 J, biphasic impedance compensating waveform shocks are superior to monophasic damped sine waveform shocks cardioversion of atrial fibrillation.
Authors:
P Ricard; S Lévy; G Boccara; E Lakhal; G Bardy
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1099-5129     ISO Abbreviation:  Europace     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-05-02     Completed Date:  2001-09-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883649     Medline TA:  Europace     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  96-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Marseille, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Atrial Fibrillation / therapy*
Electric Countershock / methods*
Electrocardiography
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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