Document Detail

Extent and direction of arterial remodeling in stable versus unstable coronary syndromes : an intravascular ultrasound study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10673250     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The morphological characteristics of coronary plaques in patients with stable versus unstable coronary syndromes have been described in vivo with intravascular ultrasound, but the relationship between arterial remodeling and clinical presentation is not well known. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 85 patients with unstable and 46 patients with stable coronary syndromes using intravascular ultrasound before coronary intervention. The lesion site and a proximal reference site were analyzed. The remodeling ratio (RR) was defined as the ratio of the external elastic membrane (EEM) area at the lesion to that at the proximal reference site. Positive remodeling was defined as an RR >1.05 and negative remodeling as an RR <0.95. Plaque area (13.9+/-5.5 versus 11.1+/-4.8 mm(2); P=0.005), EEM area (16.1+/-6.2 versus 13.0+/-4.8 mm(2); P=0. 004), and the RR (1.06+/-0.2 versus 0.94+/-0.2; P=0.008) were significantly greater at target lesions in patients with unstable syndromes than in patients with stable syndromes. Positive remodeling was more frequent in unstable than in stable lesions (51. 8% versus 19.6%), whereas negative remodeling was more frequent in stable lesions (56.5% versus 31.8%) (P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Positive remodeling and larger plaque areas were associated with unstable clinical presentation, whereas negative remodeling was more common in patients with stable clinical presentation. This association between the extent of remodeling and clinical presentation may reflect a greater tendency of plaques with positive remodeling to cause unstable coronary syndromes.
P Schoenhagen; K M Ziada; S R Kapadia; T D Crowe; S E Nissen; E M Tuzcu
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation     Volume:  101     ISSN:  1524-4539     ISO Abbreviation:  Circulation     Publication Date:  2000 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-03-06     Completed Date:  2000-03-06     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147763     Medline TA:  Circulation     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  598-603     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Coronary Disease / pathology*,  physiopathology,  ultrasonography*
Coronary Vessels / pathology*
Middle Aged
Ultrasonography, Interventional

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