Document Detail


Extent of baroreceptor resetting in response to sodium nitroprusside and verapamil.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3346046     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We investigated the effect of sodium nitroprusside, verapamil, and hemorrhage on the resetting of the aortic baroreceptors of normotensive control rats to hypotension, and the reversal of resetting of baroreceptors of one-kidney, one clip hypertensive rats to normotension. Using whole-nerve recording, the extent (%) of resetting (or reversal of resetting) observed 15 minutes after a maintained fall in mean arterial pressure (MAP) was evaluated by the ratio between changes of systolic threshold pressure for baroreceptor activation and changes of control diastolic pressure exhibited by the rats, multiplied by 100. Three groups of normotensive control rats showed a MAP decrease to hypotensive levels of 33%, 39%, and 41%, respectively, with sodium nitroprusside, verapamil, and hemorrhage. The corresponding extent of resetting was 96 +/- 3%, 39 +/- 2%, and 46 +/- 4%, respectively. Only in the group treated with verapamil did MAP and systolic threshold pressure not revert completely to normotensive levels 15 minutes after the end of drug infusion. Three groups of one-kidney, one clip hypertensive rats showed MAP normalization of 30%, 37%, and 31%, respectively, with sodium nitroprusside, verapamil, and hemorrhage. The corresponding extent of reversal of resetting to normotension was 107 +/- 3%, 40 +/- 2%, and 60 +/- 9%, respectively. Again, only in the group treated with verapamil did MAP and systolic threshold pressure not revert to hypertensive levels 15 minutes after infusion. Besides indicating that different vasodilators can differently modulate the rapid (15-minute) resetting (or reversal of the resetting) due to similarly maintained fall in MAP, these data suggest that verapamil has a nonspecific effect on the baroreceptors, whereas sodium nitroprusside appears to affect baroreceptor transduction.
Authors:
H C Salgado; E M Krieger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension     Volume:  11     ISSN:  0194-911X     ISO Abbreviation:  Hypertension     Publication Date:  1988 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-04-11     Completed Date:  1988-04-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906255     Medline TA:  Hypertension     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  I121-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine of Ribejrão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Pressure
Ferricyanides / therapeutic use*
Hypertension, Renovascular / drug therapy*,  physiopathology
Hypotension / physiopathology
Nitroprusside / therapeutic use*
Pressoreceptors / drug effects*,  physiology
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Time Factors
Verapamil / therapeutic use*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ferricyanides; 15078-28-1/Nitroprusside; 52-53-9/Verapamil

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