Document Detail

Extending inspiratory time in acute respiratory distress syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11176158     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To assess the short-term effects of extending inspiratory time by lengthening end-inspiratory pause (EIP) without inducing a clinically significant increase in intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEPi) in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). DESIGN: Controlled, randomized, crossover study. SETTING: Two medical intensive care units of university hospitals. PATIENTS: Sixteen patients with early (< or =48 hrs) ARDS. INTERVENTION: We applied two durations of EIP (0.2 secs and extended) each for 1 hr while keeping all the following ventilatory parameters constant: FIO2, total PEEP (PEEPtot = applied PEEP + PEEPi), tidal volume, inspiratory flow, and respiratory rate. The duration of extended EIP was titrated to avoid an increase of PEEPi of > or =1 cm H2O. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Despite an increase in mean airway pressure (20.6 +/- 2.3 vs. 17.6 +/- 2.1 cm H2O, p < .01), extended EIP did not significantly improve PaO2 (93 +/- 21 vs. 86 +/-16 torr [12.40 +/- 2.80 vs. 11.46 +/- 2.13 kPa] with 0.2 secs EIP, NS). However, although the difference in PaO2 between the two EIP durations was <20 torr (<2.66 kPa) in 14 patients, two patients exhibited a >40 torr (>5.33 kPa) increase in PaO2 with extended EIP. Extended EIP decreased PaCO2 (62 +/- 13 vs. 67 +/- 13 torr [8.26 +/- 1.73 vs. 8.93 +/- 1.73 kPa] with 0.2 secs EIP, p < .01), which resulted in a higher pH (7.22 +/- 0.10 vs. 7.19 +/- 0.09 with 0.2 secs EIP, p < .01) and contributed to a slight increase in arterial hemoglobin saturation (94 +/- 3 vs. 93 +/- 3% with 0.2 EIP, p < .01). No significant difference in hemodynamics was observed. CONCLUSION: In patients with ARDS, extending EIP without inducing a clinically significant increase in PEEPi does not consistently improve arterial oxygenation but enhances CO2 elimination.
A Mercat; J L Diehl; F Michard; N Anguel; J L Teboul; J Labrousse; C Richard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical care medicine     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0090-3493     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit. Care Med.     Publication Date:  2001 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-25     Completed Date:  2001-02-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0355501     Medline TA:  Crit Care Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  40-4     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Service de Réamination Médicale, Hopitaux de Bicêtre et Boucicaut, France.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Cross-Over Studies
Middle Aged
Positive-Pressure Respiration, Intrinsic
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Respiration, Artificial / methods*
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult / therapy*
Respiratory Mechanics
Statistics, Nonparametric

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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