Document Detail

Expression of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor gene is altered by GnRH agonist desensitization in a manner similar to that of gonadotropin beta-subunit genes in normal and castrated rat pituitary.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7789305     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
It was previously established that the administration of a potent GnRH agonist such as triptorelin (D-Trp6-GnRH) induced desensitization of pituitary gonadotropic cells, resulting in decreased expression of gonadotropin beta-subunit genes and the suppression of LH and FSH synthesis and release. Binding of GnRH to the pituitary is also affected by agonist treatment. To examine the desensitizing effects of GnRH agonist on the expression of the pituitary GnRH receptor (GnRH-R) gene, male rats were given triptorelin (long-acting formulation, 300 micrograms/kg), and levels of GnRH-R messenger RNA (mRNA) were determined by Northern and dot blot hybridization to a 32P-labeled rat complementary DNA probe. Abundances of gonadotropin alpha-subunit, LH beta, and FSH beta mRNAs were examined in parallel, using appropriate probes. A rapid time-dependent decrease in the level of GnRH-R mRNA was observed in rats after triptorelin administration. A minimum residual level of mRNA, in the range of 20-25% of the initial value, was attained as early as 5 h after treatment. Levels further stabilized to 25-30% after a small transient increase to 45% on day 5. A single injection was effective for at least 30 days, after which GnRH-R mRNA levels slowly returned to normal, suggesting a progressive abolition of agonist effects. A concomitant acute depletion of mRNA levels was observed for LH beta and FSH beta (50% decrease in about 48 and 3 h, respectively), whereas the alpha-subunit message increased (rapidly reaching a level 1.8-fold that in control rats after 1-2 days). Castration induced a 3.8-fold elevation in the amounts of GnRH-R mRNA after 3 weeks, whereas alpha, LH beta, and FSH beta mRNAs increased by 6.2-, 7.9-, and 4.2-fold, respectively, compared to corresponding values in intact animals. Administration of the GnRH agonist readily prevented, for as long as 3 weeks, the stimulatory effects of castration on the GnRH-R mRNA and mRNAs for the beta-subunit of gonadotropins, but not for the alpha mRNA, which remained at a high level. When triptorelin was administered 3 weeks postoperatively, the castration-induced increase in LH beta and FSH beta was totally abolished, and no significant effect was noted on alpha-subunit mRNA. In conclusion, these data demonstrate that expression of the GnRH-R gene is subject to regulation and depends on GnRH stimulation, in a manner that indicates susceptibility to desensitizing action by the long-acting GnRH analog, triptorelin.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Y Lerrant; M L Kottler; F Bergametti; M Moumni; J Blumberg-Tick; R Counis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Endocrinology     Volume:  136     ISSN:  0013-7227     ISO Abbreviation:  Endocrinology     Publication Date:  1995 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-07-21     Completed Date:  1995-07-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375040     Medline TA:  Endocrinology     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2803-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
URA CNRS 1449, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France.
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MeSH Terms
Drug Tolerance
Follicle Stimulating Hormone / genetics*
Follicle Stimulating Hormone, beta Subunit
Gene Expression / drug effects*
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone / genetics*
Luteinizing Hormone / genetics*
Pituitary Gland / drug effects,  metabolism*
Prolactin / genetics
RNA, Messenger / metabolism
Rats, Wistar
Triptorelin / pharmacology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Follicle Stimulating Hormone, beta Subunit; 0/RNA, Messenger; 33515-09-2/Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone; 57773-63-4/Triptorelin; 9002-62-4/Prolactin; 9002-67-9/Luteinizing Hormone; 9002-68-0/Follicle Stimulating Hormone

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