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Expression and activity of thimet oligopeptidase (TOP) are modified in the hippocampus of subjects with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24702695     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Thimet oligopeptidase (TOP) is a metalloprotease that has been associated with peptide processing in several nervous system structures, and its substrates include several peptides such as bradykinin, amyloid beta (Aβ), and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules. As shown previously by our research group, patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) have a high level of kinin receptors as well as kallikrein, a kinin-releasing enzyme, in the hippocampus.
METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the expression, distribution, and activity of TOP in the hippocampus of patients with TLE and autopsy-control tissues, through reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), enzymatic activity, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry. In addition, hippocampi of rats were analyzed using the pilocarpine-induced epilepsy model. Animals were grouped according to the epilepsy phases defined in the model as acute, silent, and chronic.
RESULTS: Increased TOP mRNA expression, decreased protein levels and enzymatic activity were observed in tissues of patients, compared to control samples. In addition, decreased TOP distribution was also visualized by immunohistochemistry. Similar results were observed in tissues of rats during the acute phase of epilepsy model. However, increased TOP mRNA expression and no changes in immunoreactivity were found in the silent phase, whereas increased TOP mRNA expression and increased enzymatic activity were observed in the chronic phase.
SIGNIFICANCE: The results show that these alterations could be related to a failure in the mechanisms involved in clearance of inflammatory peptides in the hippocampus, suggesting an accumulation of potentially harmful substances in nervous tissue such as Aβ, bradykinin, and antigenic peptides. These accumulations could be related to hippocampal inflammation observed in TLE subjects.
Authors:
Priscila Santos Rodrigues Simões; Bruna Visniauskas; Sandra Regina Perosa; Elza Márcia Targas Yacubian; Ricardo Centeno; Mauro Canzian; Iscia Lopes-Cendes; Claudia Vianna Maurer Morelli; Henrique Carrete; Esper Abrão Cavalheiro; Sergio Tufik; Jair Ribeiro Chagas; Maria da Graça Naffah Mazzacoratti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epilepsia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1528-1167     ISO Abbreviation:  Epilepsia     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2983306R     Medline TA:  Epilepsia     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2014 International League Against Epilepsy.
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