Document Detail

Expression of TIM-3, Human β-defensin-2, and FOXP3 and Correlation with Disease Activity in Pediatric Crohn's Disease with Infliximab Therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25071071     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background/Aims: This study investigated the expression of T cell immunoglobulin- and mucin-domain-containing molecule 3 (TIM-3), human β-defensin (HBD)-2, forkhead box protein 3 (FOXP3), and the frequency of CD4+ CD25+ FOXP3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) in children with Crohn's disease (CD) during infliximab therapy.
Methods: We enrolled 20 CD patients who received infliximab treatment for 1 year. Peripheral blood and colonic mucosal specimens were collected from all CD patients and from healthy control individuals.
Results: A significant difference in TIM-3 mRNA expression was evident in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and colonic mucosa between CD patients before infliximab therapy and the healthy controls (p<0.001 and p=0.005, respectively). A significant difference in HBD-2 mRNA expression was found in colonic mucosa between CD patients before infliximab therapy and the healthy controls (p=0.013). In the active phase of CD, at baseline, the median percentage of T cells that were CD25+ FOXP3+ was 1.5% (range, 0.32% to 3.49%), which increased after inflixmab treatment for 1 year to 2.2% (range, 0.54% to 5.02%) (p=0.008).
Conclusions: Our study suggest that both the adaptive and innate immune systems are closely linked to each other in CD pathogenesis. And it indicates a useful therapeutic tool, where restoration of TIM-3, HBD-2 and the function of Tregs may repair the dysfunctional immunoregulation in CD.
Mi Jin Kim; Woo Yong Lee; Yon Ho Choe
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gut and liver     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2005-1212     ISO Abbreviation:  Gut Liver     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101316452     Medline TA:  Gut Liver     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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