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Expression of Bone Morphogenetic Protein, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor, and Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor in Irradiated Mandibles During Distraction Osteogenesis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21741143     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The present study evaluated the expression of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs)-2, -4, -7, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in irradiated mandibles during distraction osteogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 rabbits were randomly assigned to the control and experimental groups. Each rabbit in the experimental group underwent preoperative radiation to 9 Gy in 5 fractions. After 1 month, all rabbits underwent osteotomy and distraction osteogenesis with 7 days of latency. Three rabbits in the control and experimental groups were killed at day 7 (end of the latency period), day 12 (middle of active distraction), day 18 (end of active distraction), and day 25 (1 week after consolidation). The specimens were used for immunohistochemical staining and real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis. RESULTS: Histologically, at day 25, cortical bone formation was much better in the control group than in the radiotherapy group. In the radiotherapy group, the bone spicules were aligned in the direction of tension stress. At day 12, the expression of BMP-2, -4, and -7 was elevated in the radiotherapy group compared with the control group. At day 25, the expression of BMP-2 was significantly greater in the radiotherapy group. At day 7, the expression of bFGF was significantly suppressed in the radiotherapy group. At day 12, the expression of bFGF and VEGF was significantly elevated in the radiotherapy group compared with the control group. At day 25, the expression of VEGF was significantly greater in the radiotherapy group. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study have shown that radiotherapy changes the expression pattern of BMPs, VEGF, and bFGF.
Authors:
Wen Biao Zhang; Li Wu Zheng; Daniel Tsin Tien Chua; Lim Kwong Cheung
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1531-5053     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8206428     Medline TA:  J Oral Maxillofac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
PhD Student, Discipline of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Hong Kong Faculty of Dentistry, Hong Kong, China.
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