Document Detail

Expression of BMP-receptor type 1A correlates with progress of osteoarthritis in human knee joints with focal cartilage lesions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22519633     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background aims. Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and its receptor type 1A (BMPR-1A) play significant roles in cartilage metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate a possible correlation between intra-articular expression of these proteins and the degree of osteoarthritis (OA) in human knees. Methods. Biopsies of synovia and debrided cartilage were taken in 15 patients undergoing autologous chondrocyte implantation. Expression of BMP-2 and BMPR-1A was evaluated semi-quantitatively by immunohistologic staining. These data were complemented by grading of cartilage lesions according to International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS), defect size, duration of complaints, knee osteoarthritis scoring system (KOSS) and Henderson and Kellgren-Lawrence scores. General histologic stainings were used to determine Mankin, Pritzker and Krenn scores. Results. The expression of BMPR-1A but not of BMP-2 was significantly higher in cartilage biopsies taken in type 3 lesions with intact subchondral layer compared with type 4 defects (P < 0.05). In cartilage areas of bordering sectors, the intensity of immunohistologic staining of BMPR-1A was statistically significantly higher in mature cartilage compared with repair zones (P < 0.05). Expression of BMP-2 and its receptor 1A correlated in the cartilage biopsies (P < 0.02) but not in the synovia. The degree of OA was scored in all biopsies according to Mankin and Pritzker, and these scores correlated statistically significantly with BMPR-1A expression in the synovia (P < 0.05). In patients with an osteochondritis dissecans, the degree of OA was higher compared with other causes of chondromalacia, as evaluated by defect size, ICRS score, duration of complaints, Pritzker score and expression of BMPR-1A in cartilage (P < 0.05). Conclusions. These data support the role of BMPR-1A as an indicator of OA progression in human knees with circumscribed cartilage lesions.
Hagen Schmal; Ingo H Pilz; Alexander T Mehlhorn; David Dovi-Akue; Christina Kirchhoff; Norbert P Südkamp; Ulrike Gerlach; Philipp Niemeyer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cytotherapy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-2566     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100895309     Medline TA:  Cytotherapy     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery.
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