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The Expression of Alkaline Phosphatase, Osteopontin, Osteocalcin, and Chondroitin Sulfate during Pectoral Fin Regeneration in Carassius auratus gibelio: A Combined Histochemical and Immunohistochemical Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23302437     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Dermal bone is an important component of the teleost fins, and its ability to regenerate after fin amputation appears to be unlimited. The organic bone matrix contain type I collagen fibers, proteoglycans enriched in chondroitin sulfate, and noncollagenous matrix protein such as osteocalcin, osteopontin, and osteonectin. These molecules are synthesized by fin osteoblasts. Inorganic components chiefly consist of calcium and phosphate that form crystals of hydroxyapatite. Fin rays are described as models to study ossification. Due to this, the identification of the components involved in the synthesis of the organic and inorganic components of lepidotrichial bone are of great interest for the analysis of skeletal disorders in fish ossification. The present study investigates expression of alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin, osteocalcin, and chondroitin sulfate during pectoral fin regeneration in Carassius auratus gibelio. Alkaline phosphatase reaction has been found in the epidermis covering the wound, proximal blastema, near the cells that surround newly-formed lepidotrichia matrix and the tips of regenerating fin rays. Osteopontin has been observed throughout the regeneration blastema but excluded from the scleroblasts lining the inner side of the lepidotrichia. Osteocalcin and chondroitin sulfate expression coincides with the onset of mineralization of lepidotrichial matrix, suggesting its involvement in bone mineralization.
Authors:
Simona Stavri; Otilia Zarnescu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Microscopy and microanalysis : the official journal of Microscopy Society of America, Microbeam Analysis Society, Microscopical Society of Canada     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1435-8115     ISO Abbreviation:  Microsc. Microanal.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712707     Medline TA:  Microsc Microanal     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-10     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Biology, Laboratory of Histology and Developmental Biology, University of Bucharest, Splaiul Independentei 91-95, R-050095, Bucharest, Romania.
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