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Expression of Acetylcholine and Its Receptor in Human Sympathetic Ganglia in Primary Hyperhidrosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23219256     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiologic characteristics of primary hyperhidrosis are not well understood and seem to be related to a sympathetic nervous system dysfunction. The resection of thoracic sympathetic chain ganglia is the most effective treatment for hyperhidrosis; however sympathetic ganglia function in normal individuals and in patients with hyperhidrosis is unknown. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, in which 2 groups of 20 subjects were analyzed: the hyperhidrosis group (HYP), comprised of patients with hyperhidrosis who were eligible for thoracic sympathectomy, and the control group (CON) comprised of brain-dead organ donors without a history of hyperhidrosis. For each subject, the following were performed: resection of the third left sympathetic ganglion, measurement of the ganglion's diameter, and immunohistochemical evaluation by quantification of strong and weak expression areas of primary antibodies against acetylcholine and alpha-7 neuronal nicotinic receptor subunit. RESULTS: The presence of a strong alpha-7 subunit expression area was 4.85% in patients with primary hyperhidrosis and 2.34% in controls (p < 0.001), whereas the presence of a weak expression area was 11.48% in the HYP group and 4.59% in the CON group (p < 0.001). Strong acetylcholine expression was found in 4.95% of the total area in the HYP group and in 1.19% in the CON group (p < 0.001), whereas weak expression was found in 18.55% and 6.77% of the HYP and CON groups, respectively (p < 0.001). Furthermore, diameter of the ganglia was 0.71 cm in the HYP group and 0.53 cm in the CON group (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: There is a higher expression of acetylcholine and alpha-7 neuronal nicotinic receptor subunit in the sympathetic ganglia of patients with hyperhidrosis. Furthermore, the diameter of the thoracic sympathetic chain ganglia is larger in such patients.
Nabor B de Moura Júnior; João C das-Neves-Pereira; Flávio R G de Oliveira; Fabio B Jatene; Edwin R Parra; Vera L Capelozzi; Nelson Wolosker; José R M de Campos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1552-6259     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Division of Thoracic Surgery, Heart Institute, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:
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