Document Detail


Exposure to preservatives used in the industrial pre-treatment of timber.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10616327     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The research was to survey potential dermal exposure and inhalation exposure of operators to preservative fluids used in industrial timber pre-treatment.
RESULTS: Surveys in 1996-98 produced 64 data points. These were taken from 54 sites, and involved 57 timber pre-treatment process operators. Of the data, 38 related to copper chromium arsenic preservative used in vacuum-pressure processes, 19 to solvent-based preservative in double vacuum processes and 7 to water-based preservative in double vacuum processes. Treatment cycle times, preservative concentrations, treatment load sizes and quantities of preservative used per cubic metre of timber are reported. Preservative deposition patterns were similar for all treatments, with about 90% on the legs, and most of the remainder on the arms and chest. The results are quoted as mg preservative preparation (as opposed to active substance), expressed as mg per treatment cycle and mg per minute. Water-based products in vacuum-pressure processes (38 data) showed potential dermal exposure in the range 547-132,000 mg per cycle with a median value 3960 mg per cycle (median cycle time 3 h). Water-based products in double vacuum processes (7 data) showed a range 59-8750 mg per cycle with a median value 4260 mg per cycle; and solvent-based products in double vacuum processes (19 data) showed a range 7.5-449 mg per cycle with a median value 119 mg per cycle (median cycle time 1 h for double-vacuum processes). Contamination of work clothing occurred in nearly all surveys, with around 10% penetration of the preservative as estimated by a sampling patch mounted inside the operator's coveralls. Contamination was measured inside the operator's gloves in nearly all surveys. Wearing fresh gloves was found to reduce exposure to arsenic by 71% and to permethrin by 37%. Contamination on socks was measured and found to be less frequent for double vacuum than for vacuum-pressure processes. Exposure by inhalation for vacuum-pressure processes expressed as preservative, showed a range of 0.06-7.96 mg/m3, with a median value of 1.07 mg/m3, time-weighted average exposure over one or two treatment cycles. Exposure was detected in 68% of the vacuum-pressure process surveys. There was evidence for aerosol generation on transporting timber treated with water-based preservative. For double vacuum processes, two non-zero results only were found, both for water-based preservatives. Aerosols within treatment vessels were found to have dispersed 2.5 min after opening the door. Pilotstudy biological monitoring data for urinary chromium, arsenic, and permethrin metabolites are quoted with reference to creatinine. There are tentative conclusions relating to up take via the skin.
Authors:
A N Garrod; M Martinez; J Pearson; A Proud; D A Rimmer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of occupational hygiene     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0003-4878     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Occup Hyg     Publication Date:  1999 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-01-20     Completed Date:  2000-01-20     Revised Date:  2013-05-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0203526     Medline TA:  Ann Occup Hyg     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  543-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Health & Safety Laboratory, Sheffield, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agrochemicals / adverse effects*
Dermatitis, Occupational / etiology*
Humans
Industry*
Inhalation Exposure / statistics & numerical data*
Occupational Exposure / statistics & numerical data*
Wood*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Agrochemicals

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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