Document Detail


Exposure to methylmercury in non-fish-eating people in Sweden.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15261781     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The extensive use of fish meal as a source of protein for poultry and swine may lead to additional exposure to methylmercury (MeHg). We determined the concentration of MeHg and inorganic mercury (I-Hg) in blood and total mercury (T-Hg) in hair in 27 persons (9 men and 18 women, 20-58 years of age) who stated that they had consumed no fish for a period of 2 years or more. The participants answered a food frequency questionnaire and reported their number of dental amalgam fillings. The MeHg concentrations in blood (median, 0.10 microg/L; range, 0.0-1.0 microg/L) were very low and did not constitute a concern for health effects. We also analyzed selenium (Se) in serum. The median concentration was 76 microg/L (range, 53-103 microg/L), which is in agreement with previous studies of the Swedish general population, indicating that the Se status of non-fish-eating individuals is not substantially lower than that of people who include fish in their diet. We found a significant association (P=0.002) between the number of dental amalgam fillings and the I-Hg concentration in blood (median, 0.09 microg/L; range, 0.03-0.57 microg/L). The T-Hg in hair (median, 0.06 mg/kg; range, 0.04-0.32 mg/kg) was significantly associated (R2=0.89; P<0.001) with the MeHg in blood, but not with the I-Hg in blood. Therefore, the T-Hg in hair seems to reflect MeHg exposure and not I-Hg exposure even in persons with no intake of fish.
Authors:
A Lindberg; K Ask Björnberg; M Vahter; M Berglund
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental research     Volume:  96     ISSN:  0013-9351     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Res.     Publication Date:  2004 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-20     Completed Date:  2004-08-26     Revised Date:  2006-10-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147621     Medline TA:  Environ Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  28-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Metals and Health, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Animals
Environmental Exposure / adverse effects*
Female
Fishes
Food Contamination*
Hair / chemistry*
Humans
Male
Mercury / analysis*,  blood
Methylmercury Compounds / analysis*,  blood
Middle Aged
Questionnaires
Sweden / epidemiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Methylmercury Compounds; 7439-97-6/Mercury

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Exploration of different methods for measuring DDT exposure among malaria vector-control workers in ...
Next Document:  Exposure of women to organochlorine pesticides in Southern Spain.