Document Detail

Exposure to bisphenol A from bis-glycidyl dimethacrylate-based dental sealants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16570469     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Bisphenol A (BPA) is a common component of composites and dental sealants. The potential exists for human exposure after sealant placement. METHODS: The authors prospectively enrolled 15 men in an exposure assessment study; 14 completed the study. After placement of clinically appropriate amounts of one of two sealants, the authors measured BPA in saliva and urine samples collected at prescribed intervals after the sealants were placed. They used selective and sensitive isotope-dilution mass-spectrometry-based methods for BPA measurements, thus providing the most reliable results. RESULTS: Helioseal F (Ivoclar Vivadent, Amherst, N.Y.) leached negligible amounts of BPA. Urinary and salivary BPA levels in subjects who received these sealants were similar to baseline levels. Delton Light Cure (LC) Opaque pit-and-fissure sealant (Dentsply/Ash, York, Pa.) leached more BPA, resulting in low-level BPA exposures similar to those used in laboratory animal testing. BPA exposure after Delton LC sealant placement was significantly higher than exposure after placement of Helioseal F. Patients treated with Delton LC had significantly higher doses of BPA (110 microg) than did those treated with Helioseal F (5.5 microg) (P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: Placement of clinically relevant amounts of Delton LC sealant resulted in low-level BPA exposure; however, exposure was negligible after placement of Helioseal F. Saliva collection after sealant placement likely reduced systemic absorption of BPA from dental sealants. Sealants should remain a useful part of routine preventive dental practice, especially those that leach negligible amounts of BPA. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Dental sealants may be a point source for low-level BPA exposure at levels that show health effects in rodents. Further research is required to determine whether human exposure to BPA at these levels causes adverse effects.
Renée Joskow; Dana Boyd Barr; John R Barr; Antonia M Calafat; Larry L Needham; Carol Rubin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dental Association (1939)     Volume:  137     ISSN:  0002-8177     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Dent Assoc     Publication Date:  2006 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-03-30     Completed Date:  2006-05-16     Revised Date:  2007-03-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503060     Medline TA:  J Am Dent Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  353-62     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
U.S. Public Health Service, Office of Force Readiness and Deployment, Office of the Surgeon General, Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate / chemistry*,  therapeutic use
Cohort Studies
Phenols / analysis*,  urine
Pit and Fissure Sealants / chemistry*,  therapeutic use
Prospective Studies
Regression Analysis
Saliva / chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Phenols; 0/Pit and Fissure Sealants; 1565-94-2/Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate; 80-05-7/bisphenol A
Comment In:
J Am Dent Assoc. 2006 Sep;137(9):1210, 1212; author reply 1214   [PMID:  16946417 ]

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