Document Detail

Exposure to aflatoxins in Japan: risk assessment for aflatoxin B1.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20155541     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The intake of total aflatoxins (AFT) and aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)) from food in Japan was estimated from AFT and AFB(1) concentration and frequency data in 24 foods (884 samples) from a 3-year retail market survey from the summer of 2004 to the winter of 2006, and by food consumption data from the National Health and Nutrition Survey performed in 2005. The AFT and AFB(1) survey revealed that peanut, peanut products, cocoa, chocolate, pistachio, white pepper, red pepper, almond, job's tears, buckwheat and corn grits are considered to be contributors of AFT (or AFB(1)) intake in Japan (maximum AFB(1) (AFT) levels ranged from 0.21 to 28.0 microg kg(-1) (from 0.21 to 9.0 microg kg(-1))) in AFT-contaminated food. A probabilistic approach using the Monte Carlo method was carried out to simulate an estimate of the AFT (or AFB(1)) intake distributions in each age group in Japan. In this study, AFB(1) intake ranged from 0.003 to 0.004 ng kg(-1) body weight day(-1) (from lower to upper limits), and the potential risk for cancer using a formula devised by the Joint Food and Agricultural Organization/World Health Organization (FAO/WHO) Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) was estimated at 0.00004-0.00005 person/year/100,000 persons, even though this was in the higher levels (95.0th percentile) of the consumer population. The results suggest that the current dietary intake of AFB(1) in Japan has no appreciable effect on health.
Y Sugita-Konishi; T Sato; S Saito; M Nakajima; S Tabata; T Tanaka; H Norizuki; Y Itoh; S Kai; K Sugiyama; Y Kamata; N Yoshiike; S Kumagai
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1944-0057     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-15     Completed Date:  2010-05-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101485040     Medline TA:  Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  365-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Institute of Health Sciences, Tokyo 158-8501, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Aflatoxin B1 / chemistry*
Child, Preschool
Food Analysis*
Food Contamination*
Models, Biological
Time Factors
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
1162-65-8/Aflatoxin B1

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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