Document Detail

Exposure to violence, social information processing, and problem behavior in preschool children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23011955     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Understanding the mechanisms by which early risk factors for social maladjustment contribute to disruptive behaviors in social settings is vital to developmental research and practice. A major risk factor for social maladjustment is early exposure to violence, which was examined in this short-term longitudinal study in relation to social information processing (SIP) patterns and externalizing and internalizing behaviors in a sample of 256 preschool children. Data on exposure to violence were obtained via parent report, data on SIP were obtained via child interview, and data on child problem behavior were obtained via teacher report. Findings supported the hypothesis that, compared to children not exposed to violence, children reported to witness and/or experience violence are more likely to attribute hostile intent to peers, generate aggressive responses, and evaluate socially unaccepted responses (aggressive and inept) as socially suitable. The former were also found to exhibit higher levels of externalizing and internalizing behaviors. Finally, SIP mediated the link between exposure to violence and problem behavior thus supporting this study's general approach, which argues that the link between exposure to violence and children's problem behaviors are better understood within the context of their perceptions about social relationships.
Yair Ziv
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-09-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Aggressive behavior     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1098-2337     ISO Abbreviation:  Aggress Behav     Publication Date:    2012 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-09     Completed Date:  2013-03-21     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502265     Medline TA:  Aggress Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  429-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Department of Counseling and Human Development, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Child Behavior Disorders / epidemiology*,  psychology
Child Development
Child, Preschool
Risk Factors
Social Adjustment
Social Behavior*
Violence / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Grant Support

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