Document Detail

Exposure to partner, family, and community violence: gang-affiliated Latina women and risk of unintended pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22160445     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
While teen pregnancy rates appear to be declining in the U.S.A. overall, the rate of decline among young Latinas has been less than other ethnic groups. Among the myriad factors associated with elevated pregnancy rates, for Latina girls living in the inner city, exposure to gang and community violence may be a critical context for increased pregnancy risk. This study explores the relationship between gang involvement and reproductive health, and the pathways through which childhood, family, and relationship violence exposure may lead to unintended pregnancy. Interviews of 20 young adult Latinas with known gang involvement in Los Angeles County were audiotaped, transcribed, and coded for key themes related to violence exposure and reproductive health. Limited access to reproductive health care compounded by male partner sexual and pregnancy coercion, as well as physical and sexual violence, emerged in the interviews. Exposures to interparental domestic violence, childhood physical and sexual abuse, and gang violence were prominent and closely associated with unhealthy and abusive intimate relationships. Adverse childhood experiences and exposure to partner, family, and community violence impact the reproductive lives and choices of young Latina women in gangs. These findings may guide targeted pregnancy prevention efforts among urban gang-affiliated Latinas as well as encourage the integration of sexual violence prevention and reproductive health promotion within gang violence intervention programs.
Elizabeth Miller; Rebecca Levenson; Lili Herrera; Laura Kurek; Marney Stofflet; Leni Marin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine     Volume:  89     ISSN:  1468-2869     ISO Abbreviation:  J Urban Health     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-23     Completed Date:  2012-06-25     Revised Date:  2013-06-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9809909     Medline TA:  J Urban Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  74-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Adolescent Medicine, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Choice Behavior
Hispanic Americans*
Interpersonal Relations*
Interviews as Topic
Los Angeles
Pregnancy, Unplanned / ethnology*
Reproductive Health
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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