Document Detail

Exposure to 17 alpha-ethinylestradiol and bisphenol A--effects on larval moulting and mouthpart structure of Chironomus riparius.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12550099     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effects of the endocrine-disrupting chemicals 17alpha-ethinylestradiol (EE) and bisphenol A (BPA) on the development of the aquatic life-cycle stages (eggs to pupa) of Chironomus riparius were investigated. The test species was exposed to sublethal concentrations of EE and BPA (10 ng/L-1mg/L) and effects on larval weight and moulting success were recorded. In addition, three mouthpart structures (mentum, mandibles, and pecten epipharyngis) present on the head capsules of fourth-instar larvae were examined for structural deformities. Moulting was delayed and larval wet weight significantly reduced (P<0.05) at the highest treatment concentration (1mg/L) of both chemicals. No significant effect on either of these parameters was noted in the remaining treatments. However, deformities in the mouthparts of C. riparius were observed at very low exposure concentrations (10 ng/L), although the incidence of deformities was greater in the chironomids exposed to EE than BPA. Effects were mainly associated with the mentum, with statistically significant differences in median deformity score (Kruskal-Wallis P<0.001) recorded for both chemicals. At similar effect concentrations, an increased percentage of exposed animals had deformities of the pecten epipharyngis; however, little evidence of deformity was noted for the mandibles. At high concentrations, where moulting and wet weight were affected, no incidence of mouthpart deformity was noted. The relevance of these results in relation to the identification of an "endocrine-sensitive" endpoint for invertebrates is discussed.
Matthew M Watts; David Pascoe; Kathleen Carroll
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ecotoxicology and environmental safety     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0147-6513     ISO Abbreviation:  Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf.     Publication Date:  2003 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-01-28     Completed Date:  2003-05-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7805381     Medline TA:  Ecotoxicol Environ Saf     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  207-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, P.O. Box 915, Cardiff CF10 3TL, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Chironomidae / growth & development*
Estradiol Congeners / adverse effects*
Estrogens, Non-Steroidal / adverse effects*
Ethinyl Estradiol / adverse effects*
Larva / drug effects,  growth & development
Molting / drug effects
Mouth Abnormalities / chemically induced,  veterinary*
Phenols / adverse effects*
Water Pollutants, Chemical / adverse effects*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Estradiol Congeners; 0/Estrogens, Non-Steroidal; 0/Phenols; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical; 57-63-6/Ethinyl Estradiol; 80-05-7/bisphenol A

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