Document Detail

Exposure of primary porcine urothelial cells to benzo(a)pyrene: in vitro uptake, intracellular concentration, and biological response.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22790669     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
More than 90 % of all bladder cancers are transitional cell carcinomas arising from the cells lining the inside of the hollow organ (uroepithelium). Cell cultures from primary urinary bladder epithelial cells (PUBEC) of pigs were established to assess the uptake, intracellular concentration, and subcellular distribution of the environmental pollutant benzo(a)pyrene (BaP). During treatment of the cells with 0.5 μM BaP for up to 24 h, intracellular concentration of BaP increased without saturation but with marked differences between various PUBEC pools. Analysis of BaP uptake by laser scanning microscopy indicated that BaP is rapidly partitioned into the cell membrane, while only a slight but significant increase in BaP fluorescence intensity was observed in the cytosol and nucleus. Spectrofluorometric quantification of BaP in PUBEC using ex situ calibration revealed a strong accumulation of BaP, leading to intracellular concentrations ranging from 7.28 to 35.70 μM in cells exposed to 0.5 μM BaP and from 29.9 to 406.64 μM in cells exposed to 10 μM BaP. These results were confirmed by gas chromatographic mass spectrometric analysis. Apoptotic cell nuclei were assessed by TUNEL analysis to see whether BaP exposure at the given concentrations results in a toxic effect. While apoptotic cells were barely detectable in control epithelial cells, there was a marked elevation in apoptosis in the BaP-exposed cells. In conclusion, a comprehensive study on uptake and quantification of BaP in epithelial cells from pig bladder is reported for the first time. The study may be helpful in understanding the pattern of BaP uptake and distribution in bladder and its possible implication in bladder cancer development.
Nisha Verma; Mario Pink; Frank Petrat; Albert W Rettenmeier; Simone Schmitz-Spanke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of toxicology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-0738     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417615     Medline TA:  Arch Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Institute of Hygiene and Occupational Medicine, University Hospital Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, 45122, Essen, Germany,
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