Document Detail


Explosive sport training and torque kinetics in children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23980732     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A high rate of force development (RFD) is often more important than maximal force in daily and sports activities. In children, resistance training has been shown to increase maximal force. It is unclear whether, or to what extent, can children improve RFD and force kinetics. For this study, we compared strength and force kinetics of boy gymnasts with those of untrained boys and untrained men. Eight boy gymnasts (age, 9.5 ± 1.2 y), 20 untrained boys (age, 10.1 ± 1.3 y), and 20 untrained men (age, 22.9 ± 4.4 y) performed maximal, explosive, isometric elbow flexions (EF) and knee flexions (KF). Peak torque (maximal voluntary contraction (MVC)), elapsed times to 10%-100% MVC, peak rate of torque development (RTDpk), and other kinetics parameters were determined. When gymnasts were compared with untrained boys, size-normalized EF MVC was 11%-20% higher, RTDpk was 32% higher, and times to 30% and 80% MVC were 16% and 55% shorter, respectively (p < 0.05). No corresponding differences were observed in KF. Furthermore, although the normalized EF MVC was 28% lower in gymnasts than in men (p < 0.001), their torque kinetics parameters were similar. These findings highlight the specificity of gymnastics training, which markedly elevated the torque kinetics of young, prepubertal boys to adult levels, but only moderately affected peak torque. It is suggested that neurologic adaptations, such as enhanced firing and activation rates or increased type II motor-unit recruitment, as well as changes in musculotendinous stiffness, could explain these findings.
Authors:
Raffy Dotan; Cameron J Mitchell; Rotem Cohen; David Gabriel; Panagiota Klentrou; Bareket Falk
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-01-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquée, nutrition et métabolisme     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1715-5320     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl Physiol Nutr Metab     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-08-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264333     Medline TA:  Appl Physiol Nutr Metab     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  740-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
a Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Brock University, 500 Glenridge Ave., St. Catharines, ON L2S 3A1, Canada.
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