Document Detail


Exploring human freeze responses to a threat stressor.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17880916     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Despite the fundamental nature of tonic immobility in anxiety responses, surprisingly little empirical research has focused on the "freeze" response in humans. The present report evaluated the frequency and predictors of a freeze response in the context of a biological challenge. A nonclinical sample (N=404) underwent a 20-s inhalation of 20% CO(2)/balance O(2). Perceptions of immobility in the context of the challenge were reported in 13% of the sample, compared with 20% reporting a significant desire to flee. Subjective anxiety and panic during the challenge were associated with the freeze response, as were a number of anxiety symptom dimensions.
Authors:
Norman B Schmidt; J Anthony Richey; Michael J Zvolensky; Jon K Maner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-08-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0005-7916     ISO Abbreviation:  J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-09     Completed Date:  2008-08-20     Revised Date:  2013-06-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0245075     Medline TA:  J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  292-304     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA. schmidt@psy.fsu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Anxiety Disorders / diagnosis*,  physiopathology,  psychology
Awareness / physiology
Carbon Dioxide / diagnostic use
Causality
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Fear / physiology
Female
Freezing Reaction, Cataleptic / physiology*
Humans
Life Change Events*
Linear Models
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Models, Psychological
Panic Disorder / diagnosis,  physiopathology,  psychology
Personality Inventory
Probability
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Questionnaires
Severity of Illness Index
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MH62056/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R21 MH062056-01A2/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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