Document Detail

Exploration of the link between tobacco retailers in school neighborhoods and student smoking.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23331271     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: School smoking bans give officials the authority to provide a smoke-free environment, but enacting policies within the school walls is just one step in comprehensive tobacco prevention among students. It is necessary to investigate factors beyond the school campus and into the neighborhoods that surround schools. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the density of tobacco retailers and the illegal tobacco sales rate within school neighborhoods and smoking behaviors among students.
METHODS: This study utilized secondary data from the baseline of the Youth Tobacco Access Project. Data were collected from 10,662 students attending 21 middle schools and 19 high schools, in addition to 512 tobacco retailers, all within 24 towns in Illinois during 2002. A random-effects regression analysis was performed to assess the relationship between the density of tobacco retailers and illegal tobacco sales rates on current smoking and lifetime smoking prevalence.
RESULTS: Schools had a range between 0 and 9 tobacco retailers within their neighborhood with a mean of 2.76 retailers (SD = 2.45). The illegal sales rate varied from 0% to 100%, with a mean of 13%. The density of tobacco retailers was significantly related to the prevalence of ever smoking among students (b = 0.09, t(29) = 2.03, p = .051, OR = 1.10), but not to current smoking (p > .05); the illegal tobacco sales rate was not related to current smoking or lifetime smoking prevalence (p > .05).
CONCLUSION: Results indicate that tobacco retailer density may impact smoking experimentation/initiation.
Monica L Adams; Leonard A Jason; Steven Pokorny; Yvonne Hunt
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of school health     Volume:  83     ISSN:  1746-1561     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sch Health     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-21     Completed Date:  2013-07-30     Revised Date:  2014-02-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376370     Medline TA:  J Sch Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  112-8     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Copyright Information:
© 2013, American School Health Association.
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Behavior
Age Distribution
Commerce / statistics & numerical data*
Confidence Intervals
Cross-Sectional Studies
Databases, Factual
Odds Ratio
Puerto Rico
Residence Characteristics*
Risk Assessment
School Health Services
Schools / statistics & numerical data*
Sex Distribution
Smoking / epidemiology*,  prevention & control,  psychology
Socioeconomic Factors
Students / statistics & numerical data
Tobacco Industry / methods*
Tobacco Products / statistics & numerical data
Grant Support
5R01CA080288-05/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R01 CA080288/CA/NCI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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