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Exploration of delayed-onset posttraumatic stress disorder after severe injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23293103     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Objective The first aim of this work was to conduct a rigorous longitudinal study to identify rates of delayed-onset posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of patients with severe injury. The second aim was to determine what variables differentiated delayed-onset PTSD from chronic PTSD. Methods Randomly selected patients with injury who were admitted to four hospitals around Australia were recruited to the study (N = 834) and assessed in the acute care hospital, at 3 months, and at 12 months. A structured clinical interview was used to assess PTSD at each time point. Results Seventy-three patients (9%; n = 73) had PTSD at 12 months. Of these, 39 (53%) were classified as having delayed-onset PTSD. Furthermore, 22 (56%) patients with delayed-onset PTSD had minimal PTSD symptoms at 3 months (i.e., they did not have partial/subsyndromal PTSD at 3 months). The variables that differentiated delayed-onset PTSD from chronic PTSD were greater injury severity (odds ratio [OR] = 1.13; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.02-1.26), lower anxiety severity at 3 months (OR = 0.73; 95% CI = 0.61-0.87), and greater pain severity at 3 months (OR = 1.39; 95% CI = 1.06-1.84). Conclusions Delayed-onset PTSD occurred frequently in this sample. Approximately half of the patients with delayed-onset PTSD had minimal PTSD symptoms at 3 months; therefore, their delayed-onset PTSD could not be accounted for by a small number of fluctuating symptoms. As we move toward DSM-V, it is important that research continues to explore the factors that underpin the development of delayed-onset PTSD.
Meaghan L O'Donnell; Tracey Varker; Mark Creamer; Susan Fletcher; Alexander C McFarlane; Derrick Silove; Richard A Bryant; David Forbes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychosomatic medicine     Volume:  75     ISSN:  1534-7796     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychosom Med     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376505     Medline TA:  Psychosom Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  68-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Australian Center for Posttraumatic Mental Health, Level 1, 340 Albert Street, East Melbourne, VIC 3002, Australia.
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