Document Detail

Explaining the extraversion/positive affect relation: sociability cannot account for extraverts' greater happiness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18399958     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The association between Extraversion and positive affect is one of the most robust findings in the study of personality and emotion. Temperament models posit that the association is direct; instrumental models posit that the association is mediated by additional processes. Two experience sampling studies were conducted to test instrumental mechanisms that might underlie the effect. According to a mediation model, extraverts' greater social activity can account for their increased positive affect when compared to introverts. According to a person-by-situation interaction model, extraverts react more positively to social situations than do introverts, and this interaction can account for the association. Only weak support for the instrumental models was found; consistent with temperament models, a moderate direct association remained even after controlling for these effects.
Richard E Lucas; Kimdy Le; Portia S Dyrenforth
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-04-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality     Volume:  76     ISSN:  0022-3506     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pers     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-01     Completed Date:  2008-07-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985194R     Medline TA:  J Pers     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  385-414     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Extraversion (Psychology)*
Interpersonal Relations
Introversion (Psychology)
Self Concept*
Social Perception*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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