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Experimental polyvinyl alcohol core coil for a drug delivery system.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20591238     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We developed a new type of coil with a polyvinyl alcohol core (PVA-core coil) to absorb and release various types of biologically active materials, for the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms. A 10 mm segment of the PVA-core coil was used in this study. PVAcore coils were immersed in basic fibroblast growth factor (b-FGF) solution. The PVA-core coil, which absorbed b-FGF in the PVA core, was named FGF-core coil. This coil gradually released b-FGF in the solution without b-FGF. In vitro study, FGF-core coils, PVA-core coils and unmodified coils were cultured with fibroblasts (NIH3T3) respectively and their surface was observed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In vivo study, each coils were inserted into the rat common carotid artery. Rats were sacrificed and the arterial lumen were histologically examined 14 days and 28 days after coil implantation. Electron microscopy findings demonstrated remarkable cellular adhesion to the surface of the FGF-core coils, while no adhesion to the surface of the PVA-core coils and unmodified coils was found. Histologically, remarkable cellular proliferation and wall thickness like neointimal hyperplasia was demonstrated in the implanted common carotid artery of the FGF-core coil group at 14 days and 28 days. On the other hand, these changes did not occur in PVA-core coil group and unmodified coil group.We suggest that FGF-core coils may be effective to induce fibrotic changes inside cerebral aneurysms.
Authors:
H Matsumoto; T Terada; M Tsuura; T Itakura; A Ogawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2004-10-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Interventional neuroradiology : journal of peritherapeutic neuroradiology, surgical procedures and related neurosciences     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1591-0199     ISO Abbreviation:  Interv Neuroradiol     Publication Date:  2003 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-01     Completed Date:  2012-10-02     Revised Date:  2014-07-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9602695     Medline TA:  Interv Neuroradiol     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  107-11     Citation Subset:  -    
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